Lazzaretto Nuovo island, situated in the northern part of the Lagoon that harbours Venice, near St. Erasmo Island, is an area of great historical and naturalistic importance. Though it was for many years abandoned, the island is now fully recovered. Lazzaretto Nuovo measures 9 hectares above which some recently renovated buildings can be admired such as the XVI century Tezon Grande and the XIX century wall that binds the ancient settlement.
Since 1977 Volunteers Association "EKOS CLUB", an institution that endeavours to mantain high standards of conservational practice on archeological sites, has granted permission to organize guided tours, meetings and exhibitions on the island, that is owned by the State and it’s under the control of the Italian Ministry of Arts and Culture. All such events are carried out with the upmost respect for the historical and environmental characteristics of the site and in complete concordance to the maritime traditions and culture of the Lagoon.
Under the initiative “For the Rebirth of an Island”, a multitude of projects and colaborations have been set in motion by governmental boards and Institutes. Among the most important is the archaeological organization Archeoclub d’Italia, that has been organizing archaeological summer camps on the island since 1988. Such activities have made Lazzaretto Nuovo an important center for didactic, scientific and archaeological research.
In recent years there has been much important progress on the site. Some of the most significant projects have included the renovation of a number of historical buildings by the Italian Ministry of Arts and Culture; the intervention of Magistrato alle Acque (water authority, body of the Italian Ministry of Public Works that is responsible for Venice and the protection of the Lagoon); a new dock at which the Actv waterbus line 13 Fondamente Nuove–S. Erasmo–Treporti can stop by request; a modern plant of bio-phytodepuration; a lighting plant, and finally the integration into the standard waste and garbage disposal service of Venice. The involvement of Regione Veneto and several UNESCO Committees has also played an important role in the rescue and preservation of the site.
Today Lazzaretto Nuovo has become part of the Venician museum circuit: it is part of the Library and Museum System of the Province of Venice (SMBP), the natural-historical Route (EU Project O.2), and the educative Route of the Municipality of Venice. Every year it welcomes nearly 12.000 visitors.
The island has a governmental use as well, it is home to archaeologic materials belonging to the NAUSICAA Nucleo di Archeologia Umida Subacquea Italia Centro Alto Adriatico, the Centre for Underwater Archeology in the Northern Adriatic.
Thanks to the work of the Italian Ministry of Arts and Culture, and due to the island’s role in the history of Health and Antropology in Venice, Lazzaretto Nuovo, with Lazzaretto Vecchio (an island situated in the Lagoon near the Lido, close to Bacino San Marco, where much work is in progress), will form an important part of the future National Archaeologic Museum of Lagoon and City of Venice.